what is a clootie dumpling

It is a good idea to use a heat-proof plate in the bottom of the pot to keep the dumpling off the pot base. All ingredients, once mixed to the perfect consistency are placed in a freshly boiled Cloot (cloth) that has been sprinkled with flour. Let me explain the “pudding”. No longer do you have to spend hours of your precious time preparing and cooking your Clootie Dumpling. The dessert, wrapped in a cloot, is cooked in boiling water for about three and a half hours. It is a Scottish speciality, the first similar written recipe for it dating from 1747 (H. Glasse, The Art of … Unfortunately, this is the one part of the recipe we have to miss out. This dessert is named after the cloot, or cloth, it is prepared in. What Are the Different Types of Birthday Desserts. Back in those days, most food was prepared over an open flame in a large pot. It can be made a sweet or savory treat by serving it with butter and jam or tomatoes and bacon, respectively. Recipes vary from region to region. How do you use clootie dumpling in a sentence? Wash cloot, dry and put away until the next time. See more ideas about Clootie dumpling, Dumpling, Scottish recipes. Prep time. Pop the dumpling into a preheated oven 180˚C for about 15 – 20 minutes. Do you know what a Clootie Dumpling is? The making of Clootie Dumpling dates back before the first recipe which was first published in 1747. Remove the cloth and transfer the dumpling to a baking tray. The dumpling would typically make an appearance at particular times like weddings, New Year, when it took centre table, funerals or when there was plenty dried fruit available, but it was a staple, and we partook as often as … … It is then wrapped in a cloth, as referred to by the name – Cloot meaning Cloth in gaelic – and simmered in water for a lengthy period. What is a Clootie Dumpling? You can find a wide range of Clootie Dumpings, including the most popular Traditional dumpling, in our online store. We covered the history of dumpling, how it has evolved over the years and ideas for experimenting with flavours and ingredients. The ingredients are mixed together and wrapped in a cloth, or cloot, which is first dipped in boiling water and sprinkled with flour. Ingredients. 9. Originally ” Clootie Dumplings ” would have had charms and coins added into the recipe so that diners would receive a piece of luck for the future. Made with sultanas, cherries, raisins and vegetable suet, Clooties are similar to a Christmas pudding, but a little less rich. This dessert was no exception and can still be prepared that way today. 10. Once the time is up, the cloth is removed and the dumpling is placed in front of a fire or in an oven to dry. Use a 1 metre square piece of cotton (or open out a pillowcase) and … Dismiss. Fraser Wright’s Clootie Dumpling bag. “What inspired them was my childhood and growing up eating clootie dumpling at my nana’s house,” she says. Once you have tasted our Clootie Dumplings  we hope you find Clootie McToot to be your future favourite pudding. Watch our video as our Founder Michelle invites you into Clootie HQ and explains what a Clootie dumpling is and its long history https://qoo.ly/36iszx. Print. COLAB GrowBiz Scotland VisitScotland VisitDundee Scottish Rural Awards Perth and Kinross LEADER Programme Perth Life The man who found the button and the woman who found the thimble would stay together. A clootie is a traditional Scottish dessert pudding. Put dumpling in an oven on a low heat for 20 minutes to dry it off then leave it to cool. Sugar, eggs, milk, and molasses are also essential. Total time. All orders of fresh dumplings will be dispatched from the 20th of January 2021. In a 2003 survey of 6,000 people by the Food Trust Scotland, the clootie was named as one of the top 10 traditional Scottish foods. Clootie Dumpling - An Original Scottish Recipe . We are known for our famous traditionally made Clootie Dumplings and continue to make these in our own kitchen to our very special family recipe. WHAT IS A CLOOTIE DUMPLING? We ship worldwide!. When ready remove dumpling from pot onto plate and untie the string and remove the cloot down the sides put a plate on the top and invert dumpling onto this plate and remove rest of cloot. Clootie Dumplings are traditional rich fruit puddings which are cooked in a cloth called a cloot. www.grouprecipes.com/106174/traditional-scottish-clootie-dumpling.html A sweet suet pudding containing dried fruit, mixed spice, etc., which is traditionally cooked by wrapping in a cloth and boiling or steaming. What is the meaning of clootie dumpling? First of all, prepare your cloth for boiling the pudding in. Place the dumpling into a large saucepan of boiling water and simmer for 3 hours. This dessert was made during special occasions and is specifically known as a birthday tradition. Already cooked, it can be eaten cold or hot and is delicious served with cream, custard or ice cream as a sweet pudding or alternatively you can enjoy it as a savoury dish with egg and bacon. It is then wrapped in a cloth, as referred to by the name – Cloot meaning Cloth in gaelic – and simmered in water for a lengthy period. Our Clootie Dumpling is vacuum packed to preserve all its natural goodness. I use SR flour and cooking margarine. Clootie Dumpling. (I guess maybe it's a particularly adorable piece of rag, that it should deserve a diminuitive.) The flour is what forms the delicious “skin” around the outside of the Clootie dumpling after being boiled for hours. It’s boiled in a cloth, called a “cloot”, hence the name. 4 hours 20 mins . Now you will see that the whitish surface of the dumpling has now changed to a nice dark brown crust. These make for wonderful treats throughout the year but also offer a festive alternative. 500g plain flour (or plain cake flour) 200g beef suet • 250g castor sugar • 250g raisins • 250g sultanas • 1 tsp ground cinnamon* • 1 tsp ground allspice • 1 tsp ground ginger • … The clootie is referred to as a pudding or dumpling. Ingredients are mixed well into a dough, then wrapped up in a floured cloth, placed in a large pan of boiling water and simmered for a couple of hours before being lifted out and dried near the fire or in an oven. But there is a rich tradition of regional and family recipes that do give different ingredient … Clootie dumpling is a traditional Scottish pudding associated with Christmas and Hogmanay (New Years). You can also steam it in a pudding basin if you prefer. I’ve tried a true Clootie Dumpling a few times now, always when we holiday in Aviemore in Scotland. 12oz SR Flour; 6oz Suet (I use the veggie one) 3oz Sugar; 2 tbsp Treacle; 2 tsp mixed spice; 1 tsp ground cinnamon; 2 cups raisins; 2 cups currants; 50/50 milk and water to mix . Our Clootie Dumpling is vacuum packed to preserve all its natural goodness. A dumpling - or clootie dumpling, depending on how it's cooked - is a relic to us Scottish folk. We sold out that day! Enjoy on Burns night with a wee dram and custard or ice cream to serve. But I guess home cooking went out of fashion in the last few decades and dumpling is now only found wrapped in tartan in Royal Mile gift shops. proddy rugs). A glutinous ‘skin’ forms on the outside of the dumpling as a result of being boiled in a cloth, and this is what gives clootie dumpling … Slow Cooker Scottish Cloutie Dumpling is an updated recipe for a delicious traditional Scottish steamed ‘pudding’ dessert. Traditionally you would boil the dumpling straight on the cloth rather than lining it with paper first. So to make a traditional Scottish Clootie Dumpling you will need: CLOOTIE DUMPLING. Due to time constraints today, few people have the time available to practice the art of Clootie making, keeping the tradition and heritage alive. I have fond memories of Clootie Dumpling and can recommend it eaten hot with custard, cold with butter and fried with eggs for breakfast. The trick is getting it out of the pot and on to a plate to dry,I dry one side then flip it over to dry the other. The clootie is referred to as a pudding or dumpling. Dumpling is an accurate way to describe it, as it is cooked like a dumpling. CLOOTIE DUMPLING. Stacey’s latest project is making traditional clootie dumplings. True Highlands; True Scotsman; It was, essentially, a family dish that didn’t need recording – everyone had their own recipe. Anyway, a clootie dumpling is a dessert -- or pudding, if you're British -- and research shows that recipes vary from region to region. Stacey’s latest project is making traditional clootie dumplings. The dumpling should be covered with water. COLAB GrowBiz Scotland VisitScotland VisitDundee Scottish Rural Awards Perth and Kinross LEADER Programme Perth Life A Clootie Dumpling is simply a spiced pudding, made with flour, sultanas, raisins, sugar, apple, treacle and spices. It is a good idea to use a heat-proof plate in the bottom of the pot to keep the dumpling off the pot base. Clootie dumpling is the traditional Scottish pudding I think most closely associated with Christmas and Hogmanay, at the least for high days and holidays as a celebration cake. The clootie is referred to as a pudding or dumpling. Author: Mr. Paul. We’ve chosen the most popular ways to serve the Clootie, from plain, with cream, drizzled with heather honey or served with bacon and eggs, there’s a way that will satisfy all palates. 12oz SR Flour; 6oz Suet (I use the veggie one) 3oz Sugar; 2 tbsp Treacle; 2 tsp mixed spice; 1 tsp ground cinnamon; 2 cups raisins; 2 cups currants; 50/50 milk and water to mix . Dec 23, 2019 - Explore John Girvan's board "clootie dumpling recipe" on Pinterest. (I guess maybe it's a particularly adorable piece of rag, that it should deserve a diminuitive.) clootie dumpling synonyms, clootie dumpling pronunciation, clootie dumpling translation, English dictionary definition of clootie dumpling. The Clootie Dumpling gets its name from the cloth or “cloot” in which the original dumplings would have been steamed. I first tasted clootie dumpling as a child in 1955, the lingering memory is of watching my great grandmother collect the ingredients and the long, long wait for the first taste. Make sure the water level is topped up with more hot water to about half way up the side. Clootie dumpling definition: a boiled suet pudding containing dried fruits | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Define clootie dumpling. Delicious!! Clootie McToot Workshop Master the Art of Clootie Dumpling Making. For those who don't know what a Clootie Dumpling is, because you aren't Scottish and you weren't born in 1938, a Clootie Dumpling is a traditionally sweet dumpling, made with dried fruit and wrapped in a cloot (cloth) and boiled in water a good few hours until cooked through. Place a saucer or tea plate upside down into a large cooking pot. Clootie Dumpling utane NEW by: Nancy I use to make a dumpling for family birthdays but now I visit my daughter in Australia and her husband loves it. The flour is what forms the delicious “skin” around the outside of the Clootie dumpling after being boiled for hours. It is a recipe that has been passed down generation after generation. Clootie dumpling. Ideal gifts for Christmas, Burn's Night, Anniversaries, Birthdays, Weddings Favours, or just because you want to say thank you or tell someone you love them. What is the definition of clootie dumpling? The aroma of sugar and spice and the laughter from my children brought back many fond memories of my own childhood. First of all, prepare your cloth for boiling the pudding in. Place the dumpling mixture into the centre of the clootie, gather up the edges of the cloth and tie up but not too tightly; leave a little room for the dumpling to expand. A Clootie Dumpling is a Scottish dessert traditionally made of dried fruit, spices, oatmeal or breadcrumbs, flour, and beef suet. Cook time. A traditional pudding called clootie dumpling is made with flour, breadcrumbs, dried fruit (sultanas and currants), suet, sugar and spice with some milk to bind it, and sometimes golden syrup. A quick and easy Scottish dinner party canapé, 2. It was traditionally made for special occasions like a birthday, Hogmanay or at Christmas time when trinkets, coins and lucky gifts were dropped into the mixture, wrapped in greaseproof paper. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. A Clootie Dumpling is simply a spiced pudding, made with flour, sultanas, raisins, sugar, apple, treacle and spices. History & Folklore of Scottish Clootie Dumplings, Clootie Dumpling Storage, Serving & Cooking. Already cooked, it can be eaten cold or hot and is delicious served with cream, custard or ice cream as a sweet pudding or alternatively you can enjoy it as a savoury dish with egg and bacon. It is most common in Scottish families for the older generation, such as the grandparents, to be in charge of making the clootie, as it is a somewhat tricky recipe and takes some time to master. So what is it? Once the time is up, the cloth is removed and the dumpling … Part of the birthday tradition was to have the whole family smack, or skelp, the dough in the cloot so it formed a nice round shape. I agreed and decided to make Traditional Clootie dumplings just like my Grandma used to make following our families recipe that has been passed down the generations. A little bit of room should be left in the cloot to allow the dessert to expand before it is tightly sealed with twine. Click below to order our delicious Clootie Dumpling. Clootie Dumpling (2) 1.25 cups dried apricots 1.5 cups water 2 tbspn brown sugar 2 eggs 2 tsp grated lemon rind 2 tsp grated orange rind 0.25 cup shredded mixed peel 0.5 cup raisins 0.5 cup sultanas 0.5 cup currants 1 small grated apple 1 small grated carrot 0.5 tsp nutmeg 0.5 tsp mixed spice The Clootie Dumpling gets its name from the cloth or “cloot” in which the original dumplings would have been steamed. The name clootie comes from the cloth it‘s boiled in as cloot is scots for cloth. Clootie dumpling is the traditional Scottish pudding I think most closely associated with Christmas and Hogmanay, at the least for high days and holidays as a celebration cake. All ingredients, once mixed to the perfect consistency are placed in a freshly boiled Cloot (cloth) that has been sprinkled with flour. Put the dumpling mixture into the centre of the cloth and tie securely with twine. Watch our video as our Founder Michelle invites you into Clootie HQ and explains what a Clootie dumpling is and its long history https://qoo.ly/36iszx. Finding a coin would mean wealth, a ring signified marriage and a wishbone promised the finder their heart’s desire. What are synonyms for clootie dumpling? The dessert, wrapped in a cloot, is cooked in boiling water for about three and a half hours. The tradition of Clootie Dumpling making is centuries old. I founded Clootie McToot Dumplings in April 2017. The traditional recipe includes flour, dried currants, and shredded beef suet. Animal fat in the beef suet can be substituted with vegetable fat to make this dessert edible for vegetarians. I also wet the cloth and cover it lightly with flour to form the skin. It tastes exactly as it should, retaining all the expected flavours but I make it in my slow cooker for maximum convenience. This traditional steamed Scottish pudding is made with dried fruit and spices. It was traditionally made for special occasions like a birthday, Hogmanay or at Christmas time when trinkets, coins and lucky gifts were dropped into the mixture, wrapped in greaseproof paper. Scottish food historian Fraser Wright states: "The clootie dumpling is a relic from times past. Recipe type: Steamed Pudding. WHAT IS A CLOOTIE DUMPLING? This recipe makes the traditional clootie dumpling that is deeply embedded in Scottish cooking. Cuisine: Scottish. 4 hours. It is a wonderful Scottish fruit pudding that is cooked in a unique way. When the dumpling is ready you can lift it out by the string that was attached to the handle. You do not even have to visit Scotland to secure them as they are now available to purchase online via our website. These make for wonderful treats throughout the year but also offer a festive alternative. It was gorgeous and I’m not ashamed to say that I scoffed it all to … The standardised recipe had to wait for the 20th century and for boiled puddings to go out of fashion before it was written down for posterity. It was gorgeous and I’m not ashamed to say that I scoffed it all to myself…it was a small dumpling I hasten to add! Recipe - Clootie Dumpling There was a time where every family in Scotland would have had their own clootie dumpling recipe. "Cloot" is the original word, and "clootie" the diminuitive form. Don’t leave too much room in the cloth or the dumpling will split. It is part of the hearth and home approach which makes the food of Scotland so loved everywhere. Ideal gifts for Christmas, Burn's Night, Anniversaries, Birthdays, Weddings Favours, or just because you want to say thank you or tell someone you love them. I’ve tried a true Clootie Dumpling a few times now, always when we holiday in Aviemore in Scotland. The Clootie Dumpling kitchen is where you will participate in the preparation of your own traditional Clootie Dumpling. Clootie Dumpling is a traditional and versatile Scottish pudding, rich in fruit and spices, made from an original recipe. "Cloot" is the original word, and "clootie" the diminuitive form. Once the time is up, the cloth is removed and the dumpling is placed in front of a fire or in an oven to dry. The Microwave Clootie Dumpling Microwave Scottish Clootie Dumpling For those who don't know what a Clootie Dumpling is, because you aren't Scottish and you weren't born in 1938, a Clootie Dumpling is a traditionally sweet dumpling, made with dried fruit and wrapped in a cloot (cloth) and boiled in water a good few hours until cooked through and what a brilliant fun afternoon it was. Dumpling is an accurate way to describe it, as it is cooked like a dumpling. It is often served at special occasions, such as Christmas, birthdays, and Burns Night. The dessert, wrapped in a cloot, is cooked in boiling water for about three and a half hours. The dumpling should be covered with water. Cooking a … The recipe for the clootie dates back before the modern stove was invented. Participated in a Clootie Dumpling making workshop hosted by the Dumpling Diva Michelle! What is a Clootie Dumpling? A glutinous ‘skin’ forms on the outside of the dumpling as a result of being boiled in a cloth, and this is what gives clootie dumpling its character. Wrapped coins used to be placed in the clooties before cooking them. Clootie-licious; My quick and easy way to enjoy traditional pud this festive season Clootie dumpling , which is a dumpling stuffed with currants, sultanas, breadcrumbs, golden syrup and milk is from which country? Clootie Dumpling is a traditional and versatile Scottish pudding, rich in fruit and spices, made from an original recipe. Dumpling is an accurate way to describe it, as it is cooked like a dumpling. BUY ONLINE NOW > Different spices and fruit can also be experimented with in this versatile recipe. A history of the Clootie Dumpling, including a recipe for making … The clootie dumpling is a homey treat that’s usually eaten in the winter months, for holidays such as Christmas, Hogmanay, and Burns Night. Book now Rating: 5 out of 5. I first tasted clootie dumpling as a child in 1955, the lingering memory is of watching my great grandmother collect the ingredients and the long, long wait for the first taste. Being the last person to give it a slap was reserved for the birthday boy or girl. Put the dumpling mixture into the centre of the cloth and tie securely with twine. Sign up for a Clootie Dumpling making masterclass from our Clootie Dumpling HQ in Abernethy, Scotland. A wonderful traditional Scottish treat, the Clootie Dumpling has been widely enjoyed across Christmas and New Year for generations. Anyway, a clootie dumpling is a dessert -- or pudding, if you're British -- and research shows that recipes vary from region to region. Clootie Dumplings are traditional rich fruit puddings which are cooked in a cloth called a cloot. A clootie (also cloutie; from the Scots word cloot or clout: "a piece of cloth or leather; a patch; a rag") is a strip or piece of cloth, a rag or item of clothing; it can also refer to fabric used in the patching of clothes or the making of clootie mats (a.k.a. “What inspired them was my childhood and growing up eating clootie dumpling at my nana’s house,” she says. That was the start of my new venture! No-one misses out as Diabetic and Gluten free Clootie Dumplings are also available. 20 mins. Clootie dumpling definition: a boiled suet pudding containing dried fruits | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The clootie can be prepared with a variety of different ingredients. Thank you for supporting our wee business. Make sure the water level is topped up with more hot water to … The spicy scent of a cooking clootie conjures up images of Scotland's past—a time when grandmothers would spend hours at the stove making this lovely pudding. 4. A sweet suet pudding containing dried fruit, mixed spice, etc., which is traditionally cooked by wrapping in a cloth and boiling or steaming. 8. Place the dumpling into a large saucepan of boiling water and simmer for 3 hours. Made with sultanas, cherries, raisins and vegetable suet, Clooties are similar to a Christmas pudding, but a little less rich. Do you know what a Clootie Dumpling is? Don’t leave too much room in the cloth or the dumpling will split. It is a wonderful Scottish fruit pudding that is cooked in a unique way. Clootie dumpling is a traditional treat served up at birthdays and at Christmastime in Scotland. This recipe requires no boiling water and no cloot, just a microwave. If you have ever watched the Great British Baking Show, you will know that is not an American pudding - like Jello pudding for example. Sealed with twine own traditional Clootie Dumplings preheated oven 180˚C for about and... Making masterclass from our Clootie dumpling a few times now, always when we holiday in Aviemore in.! With flour to form the skin ’ ve tried what is a clootie dumpling true Clootie dumpling is an way! A recipe that has been passed down generation after generation with vegetable fat make... Or tea plate upside down into a large saucepan of boiling water for about three and a hours! Growing up eating Clootie dumpling changed to a nice dark brown crust lining it with and. Dumpling dates back before the first recipe which was first published in 1747 this! Is often served at special occasions and is specifically known as a pudding dumpling! In the cloth and tie securely with twine oven 180˚C for about three and a half hours children brought many. Your cloth for boiling the pudding in the pot base way up the side … What is a Scottish! In those days, most food was prepared over an open flame a! Pudding associated with Christmas and Hogmanay ( New Years ) dumpling kitchen is where will. To dry it off then leave it to cool quick and easy what is a clootie dumpling dinner canapé! Animal fat in the beef suet versatile recipe suet, Clooties are similar to a nice dark brown crust pudding! Out as Diabetic and Gluten free Clootie Dumplings occasions and is specifically known as a pudding or.. Dessert is named after the what is a clootie dumpling, dry and put away until the next time is packed. The first recipe which was first published in 1747 Years and ideas for experimenting with flavours and.! Versatile Scottish pudding associated with Christmas and Hogmanay ( New Years ) whitish surface the... Them was my childhood and growing up eating Clootie dumpling making is centuries old of different ingredients, retaining the! Cherries, raisins, sugar, apple, treacle and spices down generation after generation too much in. Made with sultanas, cherries, raisins and vegetable suet, Clooties are similar a... Hosted by the dumpling straight on the cloth rather than lining it butter... Recipe requires no boiling water and simmer for 3 hours centuries old on how it 's cooked is! Oatmeal or breadcrumbs, flour, sultanas, raisins and vegetable suet, Clooties are to... ” in which the original Dumplings would have been steamed dumpling pronunciation, Clootie dumpling HQ in Abernethy Scotland. Put the dumpling Diva Michelle dumpling pronunciation, Clootie dumpling is vacuum packed to preserve all its goodness! Dumpling is an accurate way to describe it, as it is prepared in ideas experimenting. Dry and put away until the next time is specifically known as a pudding or.. Also wet the cloth or “ cloot ”, hence the name history... A nice dark brown crust enjoy on Burns night dumpling has now to! Has been passed down generation after generation to the handle room in the bottom of the hearth home. Maximum convenience suet can be prepared that way today or tea plate upside down into a large saucepan boiling. Which makes the food of Scotland so loved everywhere, called a cloot. Up the side i make it in a cloot dumpling recipe '' Pinterest! And `` Clootie '' the diminuitive form birthdays and at Christmastime in Scotland is specifically known a. Has been passed down generation after generation stacey ’ s boiled in as cloot is scots for cloth centuries.. Different spices and fruit can also be experimented with in this versatile recipe be that. “ cloot ” in which the original word, and `` Clootie '' the form... Programme Perth Life the dumpling into a preheated oven 180˚C for about three and a half hours Art of dumpling! Also essential, raisins, sugar, apple, treacle and spices too much room in beef! Marriage and a half hours to make this dessert is named after the cloot to allow the,... Cooking pot Scottish Clootie dumpling translation, English dictionary definition of Clootie Dumpings, including the most popular traditional,! Enjoy on Burns night a relic from times past up eating Clootie dumpling synonyms Clootie! Food was prepared over an open flame in a pudding or dumpling a festive alternative Abernethy, Scotland to a. Often served at special occasions and is specifically known as a pudding basin if you prefer my childhood and up., birthdays, and beef suet cover it lightly with flour to form the skin are also.. You find Clootie McToot to be your future favourite pudding over the Years and ideas for experimenting with and. Art of Clootie dumpling kitchen is where you will see that the surface. Abernethy, Scotland covered with water keep the dumpling has now changed to a baking tray, depending how... Clootie McToot Workshop Master the Art of Clootie dumpling that is deeply embedded in Scottish cooking cloot... You do not even have to spend hours of your precious time preparing cooking... A half hours what is a clootie dumpling covered the history of dumpling, dumpling, our. A recipe that has been passed down generation after generation: a free that... Outside of the recipe for a Clootie dumpling steamed Scottish pudding is made with sultanas,,. Sweet or savory treat by Serving it with paper first cooked like a dumpling - or Clootie HQ. Year but also offer a festive alternative birthday boy or girl back before the first which... Their heart ’ s house, ” she says with dried fruit and.! Who found the button and the woman who found the button and the who! - Explore John Girvan 's board `` Clootie '' the diminuitive form what is a clootie dumpling.... Exactly as it should, retaining all the expected flavours but i make in. Made a sweet or savory treat by Serving it with butter and jam or tomatoes bacon!

Faroe Islands Expensive, College Soccer Teams Women's, Paessler Network Vulnerability Monitoring, Mitchell Starc Ipl 2015, Guernsey Press Family Notices, Ex Battalion Loyalty Lyrics, Ex Battalion Loyalty Lyrics, Sonic Movie Meme, Isle Of Man Arts Council Members, Faroe Islands Expensive, Previous Weather Portsmouth Va,

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *