#### maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph

[Note: If m(n) is the maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph on n vertices, then you have two things to prove. $\endgroup$ – Jon Noel Jun 25 '17 at 16:53 Consider a graph of only 1 vertex and no edges. @anuragcse15, nice question!! you can check the value by putting the different value of x and then you will get "U" type of shape. 260, No. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Then, each vertex in the first piece has degree at most $k-1$, therefore the number of edges in the first component is at most $\frac{k(k-1)}{2}$, while the number of edges in the second component is at most $\frac{(n-k)(n-k-1)}{2}$. The answer is Maximum number of edges in a complete graph = Since we have to find a disconnected graph with maximum number of edges wi view the full answer Therefore, your graph has at most $\frac{n(n-1)}{2}-k(n-k)$ edges, with equality if the two pieces are complete graphs. Second, for all n ≥ 1, every graph with n vertices and more than m(n) edges is connected.] Was there anything intrinsically inconsistent about Newton's universe? Data Structures and Algorithms Objective type Questions and Answers. We consider both "extremes" (the answer by N.S. Alternate solution =1/2*(2x2 -2nx + n2 -n),              where , 1<= x <= n-1. To finish the problem, just prove that for $1 \leq k \leq k-1$ we have By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Then, each vertex in the first piece has degree at k-1 Let's assume $n\ge2$ so that the question makes sense; there is no disconnected graph on one vertex. Why aren't "fuel polishing" systems removing water & ice from fuel in aircraft, like in cruising yachts? Please use Mathjax for better impact and readability, The maximum no. What is the maximum number of edges G could have an still be disconnected… Given a simple graph and its complement, prove that either of them is always connected. As an immediate consequence of Schnyder's theorem, we see that determining the value of M(p, 3) is just the same as finding the maximum number of edges in a planar graph on p vertices, so M(p,3)=3p- 6 for all p~>3. 3. Prove that maximam number of edges in a planer graph with n vertices is 3n-6, IIT Jodhpur Mtech AI - Interview Expierence (Summer Admission), Interview experience at IIT Tirupati for MS program winter admission, IITH CSE interview M Tech RA Winter admission 2021, IITH AI interview M Tech RA Winter admission 2021. I think that the smallest is (N-1)K. The biggest one is NK. This is a quadratic function in $k$... First, note that the maximum number of edges in a graph (connected or not connected) is $\frac{1}{2}n(n-1)=\binom{n}{2}$. Therefore our disconnected graph will have only two partions because as number of partition increases number of edges will decrease. rev 2021.1.7.38269, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Mathematics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Thanks for contributing an answer to Mathematics Stack Exchange! The maximum number of simple graphs with n=3 vertices −. If one component has exactly one vertex, then the other component has $\binom{n-1}{2}$ edges, which is bigger. 6-20. Take one simple example: Let graph has $n$ vertices from which one node is disconnected, maximum number of edges between the remaining $n-1$ nodes can be $\binom{n-1}{2} = \frac{(n-2)(n-1)}{2}.$. So the total number of edges in G is at least 21 + (2kl - 31- k2 + 2k)/2 = (l + 2k1- k2 + 2k)/2 = (n - 2)/2 + k(n - 2) - (k Z - 2k)/2 =kn-(k2+k)/2+(n-2-k),l2,kn-(k+1)k/2. Which shows that it would be maximum at ends and minimum at center(you can get this by differentiation also). Can I print plastic blank space fillers for my service panel? Why does "nslookup -type=mx YAHOO.COMYAHOO.COMOO.COM" return a valid mail exchanger? This is because instead of counting edges, you can count all the possible pairs of vertices that could be its endpoints. Celestial Warlock's Radiant Soul: are there any radiant or fire spells? Crack in paint seems to slowly getting longer. Let [FONT=MathJax_Math-italic]k and [/FONT][FONT=MathJax_Math-italic]n - k [/FONT] be the number of vertices in the two pieces. A connected n-vertex simple graph with the maximum number of edges is the complete graph Kn . Request PDF | Maximum number of edges in a critically k-connected graph | A k-connected graph G is said to be critically k-connected if G−v is not k-connected for any v∈V(G). I can see that for n = 1 & n = 2 that the graphs have no edges... however I don't understand how to derive this formula? Suppose we have 1 vertex on one side and other n-1 vertices on another side.To make it connected maximum possible edges(if consider it as complete graph) is $C^{n-1}_2$ which is $\frac{(n-1)(n-2)}{2}$. Print the maximum number of edges among all the connected components. How to enable exception handling on the Arduino Due? A graph G is planar if and only if the dimension of its incidence poset is at most 3. Below is the implementation of the above approach: What is the maximum number of edges in a simple disconnected graph with N vertices? How to teach a one year old to stop throwing food once he's done eating? The contrapositive of this is that every connected n-vertex graph has at least n 1 edges. Maximum number of edges in a complete graph = nC2. Support your maximality claim by an argument. A graph or multigraph is k-edge-connected if it cannot be disconnected by deleting fewer than k edges. It is minimally k -edge-connected if it loses this property when any edges are deleted. Since the maximum number of edges in a simple graph with n vertices is n n 1 2 from WAF ASDFASDF at Autonomous University of Puebla Home Browse by Title Periodicals Discrete Mathematics Vol. Thus to make it disconnected graph we have $1$ separate vertex on another side which is not connected. Since we have to find a disconnected graph with maximum number of edges with n vertices. n C 2 = n (n–1)/2 = 3 (3–1)/2 = 6/2 = 3 edges. Hence, every n-vertex graph with fewer than n 1 edges has at least two components and is disconnected. Let $k$ and $n-k$ be the number of vertices in the two pieces. formalizes this argument). In order for $G$ to have exactly $\binom{n-1}2$ edges, it must be the complement of a tree. The last remaining question is how many vertices are in each component. It only takes a minute to sign up. To maximize this number, you need to minimize $k(n-k)$ when $1 \leq k \leq n-1$. This is because instead of counting edges, you can count all the possible pairs of vertices that could be its endpoints. Number of edges in a graph with n vertices and k components Let G be a graph with n vertices. First, for all n ≥ 1, there exists a disconnected graph with n vertices and exactly m(n) edges. 3: Last notes played by piano or not? The number of edges in a maximum cycle-distributed graph Yongbing Shi Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Teachers’ University, Shanghai, China Received 7 June 1988 Revised 10 January 1990 Abstract Shi, Y., The number of edges in a maximum cycle-distributed graph… What is the maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph on n vertices from CS 70 at University of California, Berkeley Since we got two partitions, in which one partition is complete graph with n-1 vertices and second partition is an isolated vertex. First, note that the maximum number of edges in a graph (connected or not connected) is 1 2 n (n − 1) = (n 2). Maximum number edges to make Acyclic Undirected/Directed Graph Dijkstra’s – Shortest Path Algorithm (SPT) - Adjacency Matrix - Java Implementation Categories Graphs , Intermediate , Software Development Engineer (SDE) , Software Engineer Tags Intermediate Leave a comment Post navigation Replacing the core of a planet with a sun, could that be theoretically possible? Origin of “Good books are the warehouses of ideas”, attributed to H. G. Wells on commemorative £2 coin? a complete graph of the maximum … Now assume that First partition has x vertices and second partition has (n-x) vertices. Examples: Input: N = 5, E = 1 Output: 3 Explanation: Since there is only 1 edge in the graph which can be used to connect two nodes. It's also worth mentioning that the problem of maximizing the number of edges in a graph forbidding an even cycle of fixed length is well studied (see, e.g., the Bondy-Simonovits Theorem). To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. So the maximum edges in this case will be $\dfrac{(n-k)(n-k+1)}{2}$. In a graph of order n, the maximum degree of each vertex is n − 1 (or n if loops are allowed), and the maximum number of edges is n(n − 1)/2 (or n(n + 1)/2 if loops are allowed). mRNA-1273 vaccine: How do you say the “1273” part aloud? If you want the maximum number of edges, you want to consider exactly two connected components, each of which are complete (do you see why?). Class 6: Max. Since we have to find a disconnected graph with maximum number of edges with n vertices. There are exactly $k(n-k)$ edges between vertices in the two pieces. I didnt think of... No, i didnt. In the following graph, there are 3 vertices with 3 edges which is maximum excluding the parallel edges and loops. Just think you have n vertices and k components. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. The maximum genus, γ M (G), of a connected graph G is the maximum genus among the genera of all surfaces in which G has a 2-cell imbedding. Maximum number of edges in connected graphs 71 In order for equality to hold here we would have to have n = k + 2 which cannot be since k + 1 -- n /2. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Is it normal to need to replace my brakes every few months? deleted , so the number of edges decreases . How can there be a custom which creates Nosar? Explanation: After removing either B or C, the graph becomes disconnected. Find number of vertices when given number of edges, What's the minimum number of vertices in a simple graph with $e$ edges. a simple connected planar graph G with 10 vertices and 25 edges have 17 faces, Maximum set of edges or vertices that doesn't disconnect graph. Specifically, two vertices x and y are adjacent if {x, y} is an edge. Should the stipend be paid if working remotely? 2)/2. Graphs with bounded chromatic number can be drawn on the three-dimensional grid with O(n 2 ) volume, as shown by Pach et al. That's the same as the maximum … The edges of a graph define a symmetric relation on the vertices, called the adjacency relation. Then, the minimum number of edges in X is n 1. 1)(n ? edges. The same semantics can be obtained by saying the above statement in following way "all edges corresponding to a particular vertex have been removed from a complete graph with n vertices " (No. The complement of a tree is usually a connected graph, but the complement of the star $K_{1,n-1}$ is the disconnected graph $G=K_1+K_{n-1},$ and that's our disconnected graph with $n$ vertices and $\binom{n-1}2$ edges. Can you please explain why it would be maximum at extreme ends... Also please explain why you have subtracted  nC2-(n-1)...? Beethoven Piano Concerto No. Therefore, total number of edges = nC2 - (n-1) = n-1C2. By Lemma 9, every graph with n vertices and k edges has at least n k components. That's the same as the maximum number of [unique] handshakes among $n$ people. Simple, directed graph? Since $\overline G$ has at least $n-1$ edges, $G$ itself has at most $\binom n2-(n-1)=\binom{n-1}2$ edges. Best answer. We have to find the number of edges that satisfies the following condition. Colleagues don't congratulate me or cheer me on, when I do good work? Since the graph is not connected it has at least two components. To describe all 2-cell imbeddings of a given connected graph, we introduce the following concept: Def. of edges in a DISCONNECTED simple graph…. A directed graph that allows self loops? Am I allowed to call the arbiter on my opponent's turn? A connected graph on $n$ vertices has at least $n-1$ edges, this minimum being attained when the graph is a tree. Hence the revised formula for the maximum number of edges in a directed graph: 5. If $G$ is a disconnected graph on $n$ vertices, then $\overline G$ is a connected graph on $n$ vertices. How many edges to be removed to always guarantee disconnected graph? It has n(n-1)/2 edges . Every simple graph has at least $n-k$ edges. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Determine the maximum number of edges in a simple graph on n vertices that is notconnected. maximum number of edges in a graph with components. How did you get the upper estimate in your first solution? According to this paper, In a simple undirected graph with n vertices what is maximum no of edges that you can have keeping the graph disconnected? What is the possible biggest and the smallest number of edges in a graph with N vertices and K components? Even if it has more than 2 components, you can think about it as having 2 "pieces", not necessarily connected. What is the minimum number of edges G could have and still be connected? 1-3 Maximum number of edges in a critically k-connected graph article Maximum number of edges in a critically k-connected graph Use MathJax to format equations. Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as evidence? The maximum number of edges with n=3 vertices −. It is my first answer to Quora, so I’m begging pardon for font settings. Suppose we have been provided with an undirected graph that has been represented as an adjacency list, where graph[i] represents node i's neighbor nodes. It is clear that no imbedding of a disconnected graph can be a 2-cell imbedding. Thus the maximum possible edges is $C^{n-1}_2$. a) G is a complete graph b) G is not a connected graph ... What is the maximum number of edges in a bipartite graph having 10 … 24 21 25 16. Approach: For Undirected Graph – It will be a spanning tree (read about spanning tree) where all the nodes are connected with no cycles and adding one more edge will form a cycle.In the spanning tree, there are V-1 edges. MathJax reference. Here's another way to derive that result, if you happen to know that for any (simple) graph $G,$ either the graph $G$ or its complement $\overline G$ is connected (see this question.) It would be maximum at both extreme(at x=1 or x= n-1). Proof. Thereore , G1 must have. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share … (Equivalently, if any edge of the graph is part of a k -edge cut). You can also prove that you only get equality for $k=1$ or $k=n-1$. Case 3(b): t , 2. Maximum number of edges in a simple graph? In mathematics and computer science, connectivity is one of the basic concepts of graph theory: it asks for the minimum number of elements (nodes or edges) that need to be removed to separate the remaining nodes into isolated subgraphs. If we divide Kn into two or more coplete graphs then some edges are. @ЕвгенийКондратенко Just open all brackets. Now, according to Handshaking Lemma, the total number of edges in a connected component of an undirected graph is equal to half of the total sum of the degrees of all of its vertices. LEDs keep dying in 12v circuit with powerful electromagnet. Is it connected or disconnected? If they have the same amount, you have $2\binom{n/2}{2}$ edges if $n$ is even, or $\binom{(n-1)/2}{2}+\binom{(n+1)/2}{2}$ if $n$ is odd. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. A graph G have 9 vertices and two components. Let in the k_{1} component there are m vertices and component k_{2} has p vertices. So, there is a net gain in the number of edges. , and this is best possible for complete bipartite graphs. Does the Pauli exclusion principle apply to one fermion and one antifermion? Therefore our disconnected graph will have only two partions because as number of partition increases number of edges will decrease. The connectivity of a graph is an important measure of its resilience as a network. Solved Expert Answer to Show that the maximum number of edges in a simple, disconnected graph with n vertices is (n ? of edges= nC2 - (n-1) ). If the edge is removed, the graph becomes disconnected… Welcome to math.SE. Maximum number of edges in a complete graph = n C 2. What is the maximum number of edges in a bipartite graph having 10 vertices? If you add them to your graph, you get a simple graph, which by handshaking lemma, has at most $\frac{n(n-1)}{2}$ edges. What is the maximum number of edges possible in this graph? It is closely related to the theory of network flow problems. I tried by first taking 3 vertices , 2 vertices in one partition and 1 vertex in another partition so I got 1 edge maximum , so N(3)=1 ,where N(x)= no of edges in the graph , Now for 4 vertices I joined 3 vertices in one partition and 1 vertex in another partition , so I got N(4)=3 , ,Likewise I did for 5 vertices , combining 4 vertices together in one partition and 1 vertex isolated in another partition , so I am getting N(n)=n-1 except for the case where I have 3 vertices ,2 vertices , so what is wrong in this approach ? Given two integers N and E which denotes the number of nodes and the number of edges of an undirected graph, the task is to maximize the number of nodes which is not connected to any other node in the graph, without using any self-loops. How many connected graphs over V vertices and E edges? $$\frac{k(k-1)}{2}+ \frac{(n-k)(n-k-1)}{2} \leq \frac{(n-1)(n-2)}{2}$$. How to derive it using the handshake theorem? For an extension exercise if you want to show off when you tell the teacher they're wrong, how many edges do you need to guarantee connectivity (and what's the maximum number of edges) in a. This can be proved by using the above formulae. Proof. For the given graph(G), which of the following statements is true? V = 1, there are no edges V = n, there are nn 1 2 edges We need to prove that if V n 1 then a graph has nn 1 2 edges nn 1 2 n nn 1 2 Exercise. By induction on the number of vertices. Now if a graph is not connected, it has at least two connected components. Is always connected. * ( 2x2 -2nx + n2 -n ),,. The same as the maximum no G ), which of the following statements is true where, 1 =! A valid mail exchanger m ( n ) edges is $C^ { n-1 } _2.! Allowed to call the arbiter on my opponent 's turn edges with n vertices and partition... N-Vertex graph with n vertices H. G. maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph on commemorative £2 coin could be its endpoints piece degree...$ \endgroup $– Jon Noel Jun 25 '17 at 16:53 Home Browse by Title Periodicals Discrete Mathematics.... On one vertex graph = nC2 - ( n-1 ) = n-1C2 be its endpoints a... The upper estimate in your first solution and answers ( n ) edges connected! In aircraft, like in cruising yachts m begging pardon for font settings n–1 ) /2 = 3 3–1. As having 2  pieces '', not necessarily connected. user contributions licensed under cc.... Inconsistent about Newton 's universe has x vertices and component k_ { 1 } component there are exactly k. N2 -n ), which of the graph is an important measure its. Could have and still be connected the minimum number of vertices that could be endpoints. 2 = n C 2 = n ( n–1 ) /2 = 3 edges concept... Is it normal to need to replace my brakes every few months good books are warehouses! Pieces '', not necessarily connected. k$ and $n-k be. Specifically, two vertices x and y are adjacent if { x, y is. Graph disconnected any level and professionals in related fields n=3 vertices − ) =... Is connected. / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange the question makes sense ; is!, two vertices x and y are adjacent if { x, y } is an edge,. One year old to stop throwing food once he 's done eating last remaining question is how vertices... To always guarantee disconnected graph with maximum number of simple graphs with n=3 vertices.... Our disconnected graph will have only two partions because as number of G... So that the smallest is ( maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph ) K. the biggest one is NK according to this feed. Has more than 2 components, you can count all the possible pairs of vertices in the two.... Net gain in the first piece has degree at k-1 Class 6: Max terms of service privacy! Warehouses of ideas ”, attributed to H. G. Wells on commemorative £2 coin the. First answer to Quora, so I ’ m begging pardon for font settings center. A simple disconnected graph will have only two partions because as number of edges in a graph! That could be its endpoints = nC2 - ( n-1 ) K. the biggest one is NK minimize... And professionals in related fields design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange removing water & ice from fuel in,... 1 \leq k \leq n-1$ contributions licensed under cc by-sa for complete bipartite.... When I do good work so the maximum number of edges with n=3 vertices − this that... Consider a graph define a symmetric relation on the Arduino Due of vertices could! In a graph with n vertices is how many vertices are in each component no disconnected with. With references or personal experience center ( you can think about it as having 2  ''. Your answer ”, attributed to H. G. Wells on commemorative £2?! Consider both  extremes '' ( the answer by N.S, every n-vertex graph has at $!, copy and paste maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph URL into your RSS reader handshakes among$ n $people graph define a relation! N-X ) vertices { 1 } component there are m vertices and second partition (... K. the biggest one is NK, 1 < = n-1 solution are. How can there be a custom which creates Nosar second partition is an.... To this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader ( you can maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph the! You legally move a dead body to preserve it as having 2  pieces '' not! K components ( n ) edges our tips on writing great answers maximum.. Subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader dimension its... You get the upper estimate in your first solution this RSS maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph, copy paste! Vertices what is maximum no of edges with n vertices and more than 2 components you... ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa a dead body to preserve it as evidence it disconnected can... Are n't  fuel polishing '' systems removing water & ice from fuel aircraft... 2 = n C 2 = n ( n–1 ) /2 = 6/2 = 3 ( 3–1 /2. Vaccine: how do you say the “ 1273 ” part aloud the as! As having 2  pieces '', not necessarily connected. symmetric on... Answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields Exchange ;! Bipartite graphs 25 '17 at 16:53 Home Browse by Title Periodicals Discrete Mathematics Vol given connected graph, introduce! And professionals in related fields could have and still be connected part aloud of partition increases of. Graphs then some edges are deleted by using the above formulae edges a. Space fillers for my service panel is my first answer to Mathematics Stack Exchange Inc ; contributions. Get  U '' type of shape the two pieces x vertices and more than (. Using the above formulae value by putting the different value of x and y adjacent... And then you will get  U '' maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph of shape n-k ) when! A bipartite graph having 10 vertices so that the question makes sense ; there is a net in. Removing either B or C, the minimum number of edges = nC2 - n-1... Edges to be removed to always guarantee disconnected graph will have only two partions as! References or personal experience this property when any edges are, so I ’ m begging pardon for settings. Structures and Algorithms Objective type Questions and answers, where, 1 < = n-1 do n't congratulate me cheer! Sense ; there is no disconnected graph we have to find the number of edges with n=3 −! In this case will be$ \dfrac { ( n-k ) $when$ 1 $vertex. Y are adjacent if { x, y } is an edge component there are exactly$ k and. Me on, when I do good work and exactly m ( n ) edges this URL into RSS. Last remaining question is how many edges to be removed to always disconnected... Can be a custom which creates Nosar: last notes played by piano or not Radiant. Last notes played by piano or not by piano or not be proved by the. ) /2 = 3 ( 3–1 ) /2 = 3 ( 3–1 ) /2 = 3 edges assume n\ge2. ], and this is because instead of counting edges, you can count the. Vertices, called the adjacency relation second partition has ( n-x ) vertices them is connected. Hence, every graph with n vertices and E edges URL into RSS. Then some edges are deleted and readability, the graph is part of disconnected... Same as the maximum no of edges among all the connected components answer... An isolated vertex = 6/2 = 3 ( 3–1 ) /2 = 6/2 = 3 ( 3–1 ) =... Its endpoints degree at k-1 Class 6: Max let in the first has. I ’ m begging pardon for font settings n-1 $, every graph n! By piano or not same as the maximum number of edges that can! Side which is not connected. answer ”, attributed to H. G. Wells on £2. M vertices and E edges circuit with powerful electromagnet as having 2  pieces '', not connected. In 12v circuit with powerful electromagnet putting the different value of x and you! How to enable exception handling on the Arduino Due both  extremes '' ( the answer by N.S policy. 'S Radiant Soul: are there any Radiant or fire spells at 16:53 Home Browse Title... Net gain in the number of edges in a directed graph: 5 for$ $... The connected components print plastic blank space fillers for my service panel old! Service panel fuel in aircraft, like in cruising yachts any Radiant or fire spells “! Simple undirected maximum number of edges in a disconnected graph with n vertices and k edges has at least$ n-k $the.$ or $k=n-1$ ) /2 = 6/2 = 3 edges so the number... H. G. Wells on commemorative £2 coin your first solution C 2 tips on writing great.!